Stimulant Medication

Stimulant medications are drugs that act on the central nervous system to induce a temporary improvement in one’s physical or mental abilities (or both).  An individual on stimulants will have enhanced locomotion, wakefulness and alertness.  Stimulants are referred to as “uppers” because they enhance mood as opposed to “downers” that do the opposite.   Stimulants are used throughout the world, both by prescription and over the counter.  Some are legal drugs while others are illicit and used for recreational purposes.

Stimulants act on both the central and peripheral nervous system and produce a wide variety of effects.  The most common effects include an increase in awareness, alertness, endurance, wakefulness, motivation and productivity.  It positively affects locomotion, arousal, blood pressure and heart rate.  People feel little need for sleep or food.  Many improve the mood and relieve anxiety and a few actually bring about feelings of euphoria.  Some effects are dose related.  For example, high doses of an amphetamine can cause dysthymia, anxiety, overactivity and heart failure when, in smaller doses, it causes anxiety relief, euthymia, euphoria, and reduced hyperactivity.

Stimulants have a chemical effect on the body in different ways.  It increases the activity of norepinephrine and/or dopamine by means of inhibition of the monoamine transporter; it causes adenosine receptor antagonism; it is an agonist to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.

Stimulants have medical uses and are prescribed by doctors for a variety of reasons.  The therapeutic uses of stimulants include the following:
  • These drugs counteract lethargy and tiredness throughout a work day or when doing boring activities.
  • It lessens sleepiness and is used to help people who are suffering from the sleep disorder called narcolepsy.
  • Stimulant medication is used to treat obesity.  It promotes weight loss by decreasing a person’s appetite.
  • It maximizes focus and concentration on tasks and reduces restlessness and hyperactivity in people who suffer from ADD or ADHD.
  • It can be used as an off label use to treat people with refractory depression.  It works in cases of atypical depression or when other agents have failed.
  • It is used to relieve congestion in the nasal passages.
  • It can treat orthostatic hypotension or a syndrome known as postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome.
  • Some, such as bupropion and nicotine are used to help people quit smoking.
Amphetamines can be used to combat fatigue and for people to maintain a state of alertness for long periods of time, such as in military aviation and space flight.

Some can be used in patients on high doses of opioids such as cancer patients or patients with AIDS who might get too tired on the opioids.

To help relieve a headache.  For example, caffeine is used along with pain relievers for headache relief.

Some stimulant medications include the following:
  • Adderall (dextroamphetamine and amphetamine)
  • Nuvigil (armodafinil)
  • Strattera (atomoxetine)
  • Didrex (benzphetamine)
  • NoDoz, Vivarin (caffeine)
  • Focalin (dexmethylphenidate)
  • Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)
  • Tenuate (diethyproprion)
  • Intuitive (guanfacine)
  • Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate)
  • Concerta (methylphenidate)
  • Provigil (modafinil)
  • Cylert (pemoline)
  • Bontril (phendimetrizine)
  • Fastin (phentermine)
  • Meridia (sibutramine)
 
Client Reviews
  • Me and my wife; had a car accident. We were amazed how easy, professional, friendly attorney Ed Smith is along with his staff. Everybody is amazing. Thank you so much, we are very impressed!
    Sincerely, Alex & Dinah M. ★★★★★
  • Ed Smith and his office team took on a difficult personal injury case on my behalf and for the passenger in my car. Ed is a top- notch attorney. His staff couldn't have been more helpful and kind. No need to look elsewhere. I give Ed Smith my highest recommendation. Beverly ★★★★★
  • Ed and Robert have been taking great care of my husband and I for the past 5+ years. They are always there when you have a problem and a quick resolution! Even when the issues have nothing to do with them. They are willing to help ease the pain off your shoulders. They are as good as it gets! Thank you again for everything. Annie T. ★★★★★
  • Very professional. Great team, staff and service all around. Mr Smith was very honest, straight forward with his advice. He gives the word "attorney" an honest reputation. I will seek his council anytime, and would recommend him at the drop of a dime. Jeremy M. ★★★★★
  • I would highly recommend Ed Smith to any friends or family in need of a personal injury attorney. Ed, and his staff, are very caring on top of being very experienced in this field. The staff always keeps you informed of the status of your case and they are always easy to reach by phone. Shannon D. ★★★★★
  • Edward Smith law offices provide competent, thorough, and personable help for victims of personal injury. When you first meet the staff you know you contacted the right office. This law office treats clients like people. I recommend this office to anyone seeking representation regarding personal injury. David M. ★★★★★