Risk Factors for Traumatic Brain Injury

Risk Factors for Traumatic Brain Injury

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is typically a result of a violent blow to the head. A TBI can also result from penetrating wounds such as a bullet, shrapnel or sharp debris.

A mild TBI can temporarily affect the brain cells, however more severe TBIs can result in torn tissues, bruising, bleeding and other damage to the brain. These injuries can cause permanent complications or even death.

Symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injuries can have a wide range of physical and psychological effects. While some symptoms may appear immediately after the accident, others could appear days or weeks later.

The physical symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury may include:

  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Dizziness or loss of balance
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Problems with speech
  • Sleeping more than usual

The psychological symptoms may include:

  • Feeling depressed or anxious
  • Memory or concentration problems
  • Mood changes or mood swings
Common Causes of a Traumatic Brain Injury

Some common events that cause a traumatic brain injury include:

  • Car accidents
  • Falls
  • Sports injuries
  • Violence
Risk factors for Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injuries kill more Americans under the age of 34 than all other diseases combined. The people most at risk of traumatic brain injury include:

  • Children - newborns to 4-year-olds
  • Young adults - ages 15 and 24
  • Adults - ages 60 and older
  • Males in any age group
Apolipoprotein E Genotype
Additionally, each year there is evidence that there is a genetic component that increases the risk of suffering a traumatic brain injury. People with what’s known as an apolipoprotein E genotype can experience more severe brain injury effects from trauma and have a more difficult time recovering from the impact of a brain injury. More information about testing for this genotype is available here.
Brain Injury Lawyers in Sacramento
I'm Ed Smith, a Sacramento brain injury lawyer. I've been representing people with severe brain injuries since 1982. Please call me for free and friendly advice concerning your injury or an injury to a loved one. I can be reached at 916.921.6400 or 800.404.5400.
 
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Editor's Note: This page has been updated for accuracy and relevancy. [cha 11.2.18]

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