Elderly Drivers and Highway Safety
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2017, nearly 7,700 adults aged 65 or over were killed in motor vehicle collisions. More than 250,000 received emergency medical care for injuries related to automobile accidents. Drivers aged 75 and older have significantly higher car crash fatality rates than drivers aged 35-54.Reasons for the Danger
Drivers aged 65 and older rank just behind teenage drivers in accident rates. Research reveals that elderly drivers bear a heightened risk of being involved in multiple-vehicle collisions, especially within intersections.
The reasons for the increased danger are both multifaceted and somewhat obvious. Driving is a complicated endeavor. It requires the driver to see clearly. It helps to have the ability to hear horns, sirens, and noises made by other vehicles, such as screeching brakes. A driver must pay close attention to other cars, traffic signs and signals, and pedestrians. He or she must be able to react quickly to unexpected events. Drivers must also be able to judge distances and speeds accurately and detect movement on either side and in front of their vehicle.
Several age-related factors can result in a decreased driving ability. Some seniors may have more than one such condition:
- Impaired or lost hearing
- Diminished eyesight, including peripheral vision and spacial awareness
- Slower reflexes, which decreases the ability to quickly react to a surprise situation such as a child darting out into the street
- Diminished cognition or dementia
- Side effects from medications
- Arthritis, which could affect head-turning, steering wheel grip, and/or pedal usage
Common mistakes of older drivers include:
- Failure to yield the right of way
- Lane drifting
- Misjudgment of time or distance required to execute a left turn in the face of oncoming traffic
- Inability to see a stop sign
- Driving too fast or slow for conditions or otherwise driving erratically
While safety features are improving in newer vehicles due to crash testing and continual redesigns, that does not mean that the cars are necessarily safer for older operators. In economy class, fuel-efficient vehicles, the windows may be smaller, which increases the potential for problems due to limited vision. The newer controls within a vehicle may be somewhat complicated and difficult to understand for an elderly driver, resulting in incorrect or dangerous use.Getting Unsafe Drivers off the Roads
It is difficult to give up the independence that comes with being able to drive. Yet it is also ultimately the responsibility of the driver to be safe on the road. If the drivers are aware that their physical or mental abilities are negatively affecting their ability to drive safely, they must seek other methods of transportation. Often it is a loving family member who will begin the transition for the elderly person – offering to drive or helping to find public transit routes. Without such intervention within the social circle of an elderly person, it becomes incumbent upon the licensing agencies to enact regulations to ensure that an elderly driver is not a danger to herself or others.
Some states have guidelines for elderly drivers concerning the renewal of their driver's licenses. For example, after a certain age, renewal testing may become more frequent. A vision test or even a behind-the-wheel examination may be required. The California Department of Motor Vehicles requires anyone over 70 to renew their driver's license in person, and a vision test and a written test are required.
Senior lobbying groups argue that mandatory road testing for older Americans is ageist and discriminatory. However, the statistics are objective, and if road testing for drivers over a certain age saves thousands of lives a year, that creates a stronger argument for more stringent testing.
The Federal Highway Administration has taken steps to enable the number of elderly drivers on the highways to drive more safely. Such improvements include reflective and larger signs and placing exits signs such that they give drivers more time to react and move toward the exit. These changes help those with diminished vision and slower reaction times.Everyone's Best Interest
It is not only safer for society, in general, to keep all impaired drivers off the road, but elderly drivers themselves are more susceptible to injury if involved in a crash. The older body is just not as resilient to trauma as it once was. No one wants to spend their golden years in chronic pain from injuries that could have been avoided if the driver had accepted his or her limitations. We will all get there one day.
In the following video reports on the effects, older drivers are having on our highway.Car Accident Lawyer in Sacramento
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Editor’s Note: This page has been updated for accuracy and relevancy [cha 7.14.20]
Photo Attribution: ArtsyBee
:mm cha [cs 948]