CORONAVIRUS UPDATE: What We Are Doing to Protect Our Clients

Elderly Drivers and Highway Safety

Elderly Drivers

Older Americans are some of our favorite people.  They are our parents, our grandparents, they are the Greatest Generation.  That does not mean that all old people should be driving.  Some elderly drivers are as safe or safer than any other driver. Still, it is an undeniable fact that many people reach an age where their diminished capacities can cause hazards on the highways.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2017, nearly 7,700 adults aged 65 or over were killed in motor vehicle collisions.  More than 250,000 received emergency medical care for injuries related to automobile accidents.  Drivers aged 75 and older have significantly higher car crash fatality rates than drivers aged 35-54.

Reasons for the Danger

Drivers aged 65 and older rank just behind teenage drivers in accident rates.  Research reveals that elderly drivers bear a heightened risk of being involved in multiple-vehicle collisions, especially within intersections.

The reasons for the increased danger are both multifaceted and somewhat obvious.  Driving is a complicated endeavor. It requires the driver to see clearly.  It helps to have the ability to hear horns, sirens, and noises made by other vehicles, such as screeching brakes.  A driver must pay close attention to other cars, traffic signs and signals, and pedestrians.  He or she must be able to react quickly to unexpected events. Drivers must also be able to judge distances and speeds accurately and detect movement on either side and in front of their vehicle.

Several age-related factors can result in a decreased driving ability.  Some seniors may have more than one such condition:

  • Impaired or lost hearing
  • Diminished eyesight, including peripheral vision and spacial awareness
  • Slower reflexes, which decreases the ability to quickly react to a surprise situation such as a child darting out into the street
  • Diminished cognition or dementia
  • Side effects from medications
  • Arthritis, which could affect head-turning, steering wheel grip, and/or pedal usage

Common mistakes of older drivers include:

  • Failure to yield the right of way
  • Lane drifting
  • Misjudgment of time or distance required to execute a left turn in the face of oncoming traffic
  • Inability to see a stop sign
  • Driving too fast or slow for conditions or otherwise driving erratically
New Vehicle Designs – Helpful or Harmful?

While safety features are improving in newer vehicles due to crash testing and continual redesigns, that does not mean that the cars are necessarily safer for older operators.  In economy class, fuel-efficient vehicles, the windows may be smaller, which increases the potential for problems due to limited vision.  The newer controls within a vehicle may be somewhat complicated and difficult to understand for an elderly driver, resulting in incorrect or dangerous use.

Getting Unsafe Drivers off the Roads

It is difficult to give up the independence that comes with being able to drive.  Yet it is also ultimately the responsibility of the driver to be safe on the road.  If the drivers are aware that their physical or mental abilities are negatively affecting their ability to drive safely, they must seek other methods of transportation.  Often it is a loving family member who will begin the transition for the elderly person – offering to drive or helping to find public transit routes.  Without such intervention within the social circle of an elderly person, it becomes incumbent upon the licensing agencies to enact regulations to ensure that an elderly driver is not a danger to herself or others.

Some states have guidelines for elderly drivers concerning the renewal of their driver's licenses.  For example, after a certain age, renewal testing may become more frequent.  A vision test or even a behind-the-wheel examination may be required.  The California Department of Motor Vehicles requires anyone over 70 to renew their driver's license in person, and a vision test and a written test are required.

Senior lobbying groups argue that mandatory road testing for older Americans is ageist and discriminatory.  However, the statistics are objective, and if road testing for drivers over a certain age saves thousands of lives a year, that creates a stronger argument for more stringent testing.

The Federal Highway Administration has taken steps to enable the number of elderly drivers on the highways to drive more safely.  Such improvements include reflective and larger signs and placing exits signs such that they give drivers more time to react and move toward the exit.  These changes help those with diminished vision and slower reaction times.

Everyone's Best Interest

It is not only safer for society, in general, to keep all impaired drivers off the road, but elderly drivers themselves are more susceptible to injury if involved in a crash.  The older body is just not as resilient to trauma as it once was.  No one wants to spend their golden years in chronic pain from injuries that could have been avoided if the driver had accepted his or her limitations.  We will all get there one day.

In the following video reports on the effects, older drivers are having on our highway.

Car Accident Lawyer in Sacramento

I'm Ed Smith, a Sacramento car accident lawyer.  If you were injured by a negligent or impaired driver, we may be able to help. Call us at (916) 921-6400 or (800) 404-5400 for free, friendly advice. 

For more than three decades, I have worked with the Sacramento community, helping injured residents obtain compensation.  Take a look at the links below which compile reviews from our prior clients and results we have achieved for them:

I belong to:

Photo Attribution: ArtsyBee

:mm cha [cs 948]

Client Reviews
★★★★★
"Me and my wife; had a car accident. We were amazed how easy, professional, friendly attorney Ed Smith is along with his staff. Everybody is amazing. Thank you so much, we are very impressed!" Alex & Dinah M.
★★★★★
"Ed Smith and his office team took on a difficult personal injury case on my behalf and for the passenger in my car. Ed is a top- notch attorney. His staff couldn't have been more helpful and kind. No need to look elsewhere. I give Ed Smith my highest recommendation." Beverly
★★★★★
"Ed and Robert have been taking great care of my husband and I for the past 5+ years. They are always there when you have a problem and a quick resolution! Even when the issues have nothing to do with them. They are willing to help ease the pain off your shoulders. They are as good as it gets! Thank you again for everything." Annie T.
★★★★★
"Very professional. Great team, staff and service all around. Mr Smith was very honest, straight forward with his advice. He gives the word "attorney" an honest reputation. I will seek his council anytime, and would recommend him at the drop of a dime." Jeremy M.
★★★★★
"I would highly recommend Ed Smith to any friends or family in need of a personal injury attorney. Ed, and his staff, are very caring on top of being very experienced in this field. The staff always keeps you informed of the status of your case and they are always easy to reach by phone." Shannon D.
★★★★★
"Edward Smith law offices provide competent, thorough, and personable help for victims of personal injury. When you first meet the staff you know you contacted the right office. This law office treats clients like people. I recommend this office to anyone seeking representation regarding personal injury." David M.